刑法类翻译常用词汇

刑法总论
刑法学 criminal law; penal law
犯罪学 criminology
犯罪心理学 criminal psychology
劳动改造法学 reform-through-labor
中国刑法史 history of Chinese criminal law
比较刑法学 comparative criminal law
刑事侦查 criminal detection
司法精神病学 forensic psychiatry
罪刑法定原则 principal of a legally prescribed punishment for a specified crime
罪刑相适应原则 principal of suiting punishment to crime
罪责自负原则 principal of bearing responsibility solely for one’s own crime
惩罚与教育相结合原则 principal of combining punishment with education
从旧原则 the doctrine of observing old laws
从新原则 the doctrine of observing new laws
从旧兼从轻原则 the doctrine of observing old laws and new ones when with lighter punishment
从新兼从轻原则 the doctrine of observing new laws and old ones when with lighter punishment
追诉时效 limitation of prosecution
刑事责任 criminal liability/responsibility
刑事责任年龄 age for criminal responsibility
刑事责任能力 criminal responsibility; capacity for criminal responsibility
犯罪 crime; commit a crime
故意犯罪 intentional crime; willful crime
过失犯罪 negligent crime
犯罪构成 constitution of a crime
犯罪主体 subject of a crime
犯罪客体 object of a crime
犯罪的主观方面 subjective elements of a crime
犯罪的客观方面 objective elements of a crime
犯罪对象 target of a crime
犯罪故意 criminal intent; mens rea
直接故意 actual intent; direct intent
间接故意 indirect intent
犯罪过失 criminal negligence
疏忽大意的过失 careless negligence
过于自信的过失 negligence with undue assumption
不能预见 unforeseeable; unpredictable
不能避免 unavoidable
犯罪动机 criminal motive
犯罪目的 criminal intent; criminal purpose
防卫过当 unjustifiable self-defense
紧急避险 act of rescue; necessity
犯罪既遂 completion of a crime
犯罪未遂 attempted crime
犯罪形态 criminal pattern
犯罪预备 a crime in preparation; preparation for a crime
犯意表示 expression for a crime
犯罪中止 abandonment/discontinuance of a crime
犯罪中断 suspension of a crime
行为犯 behavioral offence
危险犯 potential damage offence
结果犯 consequential offence
结果加重犯 aggregated consequential offence
类推 legaltranz.com analogy
定罪 conviction; crimination
定罪情节 circumstances for adjudgment
定罪量刑 punishment fits the crime
量刑情节 principle of discretionary action of sentencing; principal of sentencing
危害行为 dangerous act
因果关系 causative relation
共同犯罪 complicity; joint offence
教唆犯 abettor
主犯 principal
从犯 accessory
胁从犯 accomplice under duress; unwilling follower
帮助犯 aider; accessory
累犯 recidivist; repeat offence
一般累犯 common recidivist
反革命累犯 counter-revolutionary recidivist
法人犯罪 corporate crime
法律英语 www.legaltranz.com
结伙犯罪 gang crime
流氓集团 gang of hoodlums
流氓罪 crime of indecent assault
集团犯罪 organized crime
经济犯罪 economic crime
职务犯罪 duty crime; crime by taking advantage of duty
聚众犯罪 assembled a crowd to commit a crime
一罪 one crime
一罪不二罚 nemo bis punitur pro eodem delicto; no one is punished twice for the same crime
继续犯 continuous crime

持续犯 continuous crime
想象竟合犯 imaginative joinder of offences
惯犯 habitual offence
结合犯 combinative crime; integrated offence
连续犯 continuing offence
牵连犯 implicated offence
吸收犯 Inclusive offence; absorbable offence
数罪 plural crimes
数罪并罚 joinder of punishment for plural crimes
法定最高刑 maximum statutory penalty
法定最低刑 minimum statutory penalty
总和刑期 total term of sentences
并科原则 doctrine of cumulation of punishments
相加原则 doctrine of accumulation
合并原则 doctrine of joinder
累加原则 cumulative principle
吸收原则 absorption principle
限制加重原则 principle of limitative aggravation
折衷原则 doctrine of compromise
两罚制 dual/double punishment
单罚制 single punishment
漏罪 omitted crime
先并后减 reduction after combined sentence
新罪 newly committed crime
先减后并 combination of sentence after reduction
刑罚个别化原则 principle of individualization of punishment
刑罚经济原则 principle of economization of punishment
刑罚人道主义原则 principle of humanitarianism of punishment
刑罚效益原则 principle of utility of punishment
刑罚的种类 classification of criminal pennalties
生命刑 punishment depriving life
财产刑 punishment against property
权利刑 punishment of depriving rights
主刑 principal penalties
管制 public surveillance
拘役 penal servitude
有期徒刑 fixed-term imprisonment
无期徒刑 life imprisonment
死刑 death penalty
死缓 death sentence with a two-year reprieve
附加刑 accessory penalties
剥夺政治权利 deprivation of political right
没收财产 forfeiture of property
罚金 criminal fine
剥夺勋章、奖章和荣誉称号 stripping of medals, decoration or honorary titles
驱逐出境 renvoi
量刑 sentencing
犯罪事实 criminal fact
犯罪性质 criminal character
犯罪情节 criminal circumstances of crime
情节严重 grave/serious circumstances
情节特别严重 circumstances are particularly serious
情节恶劣 circumstances are wicked
后果特别严重 with particularly serious consequence
量刑情节 circumstance for sentencing
法定情节 statutory circumstances
从轻处罚 lighter punishment
减轻处罚 mitigation of penalty below minimum statutory prescript
从重处罚 heavier punishment
加重处罚 aggravation of penalty below minimum statutory prescript
免予处罚 exemption from punishment
酌定情节 discretionary circumstances
自首 surrender oneself to justice
坦白 confession of one’s offence
自动投案 voluntary surrender to justice
立功 metitorious serviceoffset立功赎罪
假释 one’s guilt by merit
假释考验期 probation period for parole
减刑 commutation; mitigation of punishment
减刑建议书 advisory letter of commutation
赦免 legaltranz.com pardon
大赦 amnesty; general pardon
特赦 special pardon
追诉时效 limitation of prosecution
追诉期限 deadline of prosecution
预防犯罪 prevention of crime
缓刑 probation; reprieve
缓刑宣告制 system of suspended pronouncement of sentence
缓刑起诉制 system of suspended prosecution
缓刑考验期 probation period
行刑 execution; executing punishment
监外执行 execution of sentence outside prison yet under surveillance

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