judicium Dei

〈拉〉上帝的裁判;神裁;神明裁判 在古代英国和欧洲,指上帝作出的裁决〔judgement of God〕,或称「圣决」〔divinum judicium; divine judgment〕。该词用于指通过火审〔ordeals by fire or hot iron〕、水审〔ordeals by water〕、十字架审〔trials by the cross〕、圣餐审〔trials by Eucharist〕、吞噬审〔trials by corsned〕和决斗审〔trials by battle〕得出裁决,其理论基础是上帝会站在无辜者一方并通过干预裁决过程表现出来。