year and a day. The common-law time limit fixed for various purposes, such as claiming rights, exemptions, or property (such as rights to wreckage or estrays) or for prosecuting certain acts — so called because a year was formerly counted to include the first and last day, meaning that a year from January 1 was December 31, so a year and a day would then mean a full year from January 1 through January

1. — Also termed year and day; (formerly in Scots law) zeir and day. See YEAR-AND-A-DAY RULE; YEAR, DAY, AND WASTE.