民事判决书翻译常用词汇

(1)管辖(权):jurisdiction

领事裁判权 : consular jurisdication.

(准)对人管辖权: (quasic)jurisdiction in personam

(准)对物管辖权:(quasic)jurisdiction in rem

属人管辖权 :personal jurisdiction

属地管辖权:territorial jurisdiction .

由于各国对管辖权规定的不同,便很容易引起 Selection of court 选择法庭的现象。

(2)回避:withdrawal

(3)当事人:party

(4)诉讼代理人:agents ad litem

(5)证据:evidence

burden of proof 举证责任—-证明责任。

evidence-finding 取证

Burden of proof in reverse 举证责任倒置

documentary evidence书证

material evidence、物证:

(6)视听资料:audio-visual material

(7)证人证言:testimony of witnesses

(8)当事人陈述:statements of the parties

(9)鉴定结论:expert conclusions

(1o)勘验笔录:records of inpsection

(11)  诉讼时效 :Limitation of action

(12)期间:time periods

(13)送达:service

(14)调解:conciliation

(15)财产保全;property preservation

(16)先予执行:advance execution

(17) 强制措施:compulsory measures

specific performance 特定履行,强制执行

(18)诉讼费用:litigation costs/fees

(19)执行措施:execution measures

(20)执行中止和终结:suspension and termination of execution

(21)案由/诉由:cause of action

(22)诉讼请求:the claims

(23)争议的事实和理由:cause or causes of the dispute

(24)审判人员:judicial officers

(25)书记员:court clerk

(26)立案:docket/file a case

(27)组成合议庭开庭审理:form a collegial panel to conduct the trial

(28)上诉期间:the time limit for filing an appeal

(29)上诉的法院:the appellate court

(30)判决、裁定:judgments and written orders

(31)不服一审判决:refuse to accept the first-instance judgment

(32)发生法律效力的:legally effective

(33) 起诉状:a statement of complaint

(34)上诉状:the appeal petition

(35) 答辩状:the defence/anwser

(36) 裁定撤销原判决:make a written order to set aside the judgment

(37) 发回原审人民法院重审;remand the case t the original people’s court for retrial

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注